Types of Land Surveys
A survey of the boundary of property according to the evidence including physical monumentation, recorded deeds, and plats among other sources of evidence. Interior improvements such as buildings, drives, etc., are not located. Any improvements along the boundary affecting the use of or title to the property are located, such as fences, drives, utilities, buildings, sheds, streets, etc. Missing corner markers are replaced. A map showing the boundaries and improvements along the boundaries is prepared.
A boundary survey with the additional location of all the interior improvements. Missing corner markers are replaced. A map showing the boundaries and improvements is prepared. This type of survey may be required for the acquisition of a loan.
A survey locating improvements and topographic features such as elevations of the land, embankments, contours, water courses, roads, ditches, utilities, etc. This survey can be used in conjunction with a Location Survey in order to prepare a Site Design Map, a Subdivision Map, or an Erosion Control Plan.
SITE PLANNING SURVEY
This survey uses a boundary and topographic survey as a base to design future improvements. It can be a design for a house, a residential subdivision, a store, a shopping center, a new street or highway, a playground, or anything else.
This often includes a topographic survey of a parcel of land which will be divided into two or more smaller tracts, lots or estate division. This can also be used for site design of lots, streets and drainage. It is for construction and recording.
Using surveying techniques to stake out buildings, roads, walls, utilities, etc. This includes horizontal and vertical grading, slope staking, and final as-built surveys.
GEOGRAPHIC POSITIONING SYSTEM
GPS surveys use portable receiving antennas to gather data transmitted from satellites which are used to calculate the position of the object being located on the surface of the earth. The receiving antennas can be miles apart and still obtain very accurate data. GPS surveys are used to establish coordinate control points for the State Plane Coordinate Systems, large boundary surveys, and subdivision surveys. It can also be used to collect data for Geographic Information Systems / Land Information Systems (GIS/LIS), such as the location of streets, homes, businesses, electric, phone & gas utilities, water & sewer systems, property lines' soil & vegetation types, water; courses, etc. This data can be used in future planning, preservation and development.
This is a very detailed survey often required by lending institutions. The request for this survey must be in writing and be included with all of the deeds and easements affecting the property, along with the deeds to adjoining properties. A list of items, known as the "table A" requirements", to be located as noted in the ALTA/ACSM publication can be included.